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International Journal of Smart Sensor and Adhoc Network

Abstract

India is world’s largest democracy. Fundamental right to vote or simply voting in elections forms the basis of Indian democracy. In India all earlier elections a voter used to cast his vote by using ballot paper. This is a long, time-consuming process and very much prone to errors. This situation continued till election scene was completely changed by electronic voting machine. No more ballot paper, ballot boxes, stamping, etc. all this condensed into a simple box called ballot unit of the electronic voting machine. Cell phone based voting machine is capable of saving considerable printing stationery and transport of large volumes of electoral material. It is easy to transport, store, and maintain. It completely rules out the chance of invalid votes. Its use results in reduction of polling time, resulting in fewer problems in electoral preparations, law and order, candidates' expenditure, etc. and easy and accurate counting without any mischief at the counting centre. Mobile technology has attained heights and the market trend is such that every citizen of India possesses a mobile handset at cheaper rates of services. Even NRIs who long to cast votes can avail this advanced technology without taking the pain of coming to Polling- booth with the help of their handy Mobile Equipment (ME). When such a Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) is available, why not using it for time-saving, cost- effective and secured method of voting??? The proposed paper is a collaboration of Computer Networking with biometrics. In this paper, an electronic voting scheme using GSM based Mobile technology is presented. By integrating an electronic voting scheme with the Mobile infrastructure, we are able to exploit existing Secure Mobile authentication mechanisms and provide enhanced voter authentication using Fingerprinting Technology (Biometrics) and mobility while maintaining voter privacy.

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