International Journal of Power System Operation and Energy Management


Distributed renewable energy production is making smart microgrid concepts based on AC, DC, and hybrid-MG design more attractive (DRE). In light of the growing population and the pressing need to minimize the load, research into effective control techniques and architectural solutions is a hot topic right now. "However, a comprehensive and coordinated literature assessment of hierarchical control approaches based on diverse configurations of the microgrid (MG) architecture has been explored relatively little in the past.'' Primary, secondary, and tertiary methods to MG system control are outlined in this suggested method. Primary, secondary and third-tier techniques are examined for each MG structure in a short literature review. In addition, the paper offers the best and worst aspects of current control methods. In addition, a simulation research connected to the literature review's future trends in MG control is offered as a further contribution to this subject. Since renewable energy supplies are intermittent in nature, a hybrid microgrid is needed to minimize overall deficit inadequacies and increase system dependability. This is due to the depletion of natural resources and to the intermittent nature of renewable energy resources. Using a hybrid microgrid, the present distributed and concentrated load situations may be accommodated. In order to better understand how the hybrid microgrid may be integrated, optimized and controlled, there is a growing demand for research. It is necessary to do a thorough evaluation of the performance, efficiency, dependability, security, design flexibility, and cost-effectiveness of a hybrid microgrid. Issues such as AC and DC microgrids integrating into a single hybrid microgrid are discussed in this paper, as well as how to manage renewable energy resources in a cost-effective manner and how to place the optimal number of feeders in a microgrid. There is a quick overview of the primary research fields, with the goal of finding the research gap that may further enhance the grid's performance. ''New hybrid microgrid solutions are being offered in light of current study trends that have been determined to be the most effective and most-friendly." Research, comparative analysis, and further development of new methodologies related to hybrid microgrids will be aided by this study as the foundation for future work





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