The use of fuel wood, crop residue or cow dung for cooking is widespread in rural India and, as it is not purchased, is often the only option for the rural poor. Besides the low calorific value of these residues, it also affects the health due to indoor air pollution. Briquette technology can reduce this rural problem. Moreover the technology can also prevent forest fires. They are the annual phenomenon in Himachal Pradesh as the forests are dense and catch fire easily due to natural and man-made reasons. Himalayan forests are rich in Pine trees (Pinus roxburghii Sarg.) and the pine needle is one of the reasons to enhance the forest fire. There is a necessity to handle this forest waste efficiently. This paper attempts to explain the briquetting technology of pine needles and the results showed that a significant improvement in calorific value.
Bharti, Vinita and Awasthi, Mamta
"PINE NEEDLE CHARCOAL BRIQUETTES: RURAL TECHNOLOGY OPTION IN PINE FOREST REGION,"
International Journal of Power System Operation and Energy Management: Vol. 2
, Article 10.
Available at: https://www.interscience.in/ijpsoem/vol2/iss3/10