International Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering


Chemicals have always posed risks including fire, explosion, and the release of harmful substances in process industries like the Petroleum Industry. The occurrence of such catastrophes has a significant impact on the resources for finances and daily living. In this research paper, the major safety-related causes and effects are identified through event tree analysis based on accidents and incidents while using ethanol as fuel. For this purpose, the accident and incident data collected so far while using ethanol in the fuel industry, detailed information about ethanol, and even tree analysis. The event tree analysis (ETA) and Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) analysis method is utilized to Identifying an initiating event of interest of accident. The event tree's structure also aids the analyst in identifying the locations where additional protocols or safety measures are required to mitigate accidents or lower their frequency.





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