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International Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering

Abstract

Cryogenics is the branch of physics and engineering that involves the study of very low temperatures (below 123 K), how to produce them, and how materials behave at those temperatures. It is frequently applied to low temperature refrigeration applications such as in the study of physical phenomena of materials at temperature approaching absolute zero and in the liquefaction of gases. Liquefied gases such as liquid nitrogen and liquid helium are used in many cryogenic applications. Using liquid nitrogen as a refrigerant reduces chloro-fluorocarbon (CFC) emission in atmosphere and it is an eco-friendly technique. This paper deals with usage of liquid nitrogen in air conditioning of motor vehicles. First the preparation of liquid nitrogen is discussed, followed by its storage and working as a refrigerant in air conditioning system. This is followed by its advantages and draw backs.

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