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International Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering

Abstract

Nanofluids are quasi single phase medium containing stable colloidal dispersion of ultrafine or nanometric metallic or ceramic particles in a given fluid. Nanofluids possess immense potential of application to improve heat transfer and energy efficiency in several areas including vehicular cooling in transportation, power generation, defense, nuclear, space, microelectronics and biomedical devices. In the present contribution, a brief description about the Nano Tio2 has been presented to provide an update on the historical evolution of this concept, possible synthesis routes, level of improvements are reported. According to this review, the future developments of these technologies are discussed.

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