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International Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering

Abstract

Ocean waves, if employed efficiently for generation of electricity, could result in the most economic green process (minimal carbon emission). This paper, based on the extensive literature survey conducted as a part of a B.Tech Project provides an overview of the current scenario of power generation and consumption in India thereby emphasizing on the progressively increasing power requirement and a lagging behind share of renewable energy. A scientific clarity is drawn on the basic theory behind wave generation and the key factors for assessing and deploying wave energy converters. Further, a few successful wave energy conversion techniques are discussed briefly, which posses the potential scope of future research and development and are presently employed under pre-commercial and commercial stages around the globe. A special emphasis is laid on the point absorber section which has been the area of research for the authors‘ project thereby detailing its constructional and working aspects and also discussing briefly an experimental procedure to set up a wave generator, to calculate mechanical conversion efficiency, and its scope of applicability. The conclusion is drawn in favor of the coastal communities which still rely on costly diesel for generating electricity.

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