International Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering


Corrosion studies on friction stir welded AE42 magnesium alloy were carried out in 0.1 M ammonium carbonate solution. For better understanding, comparative analysis of corrosion rates was carried out before and after welding. Friction stir weld zone was more corrosion resistant than the parent metal under similar experimental conditions. Grain size was refined at weld zone. Second phase intermetallic particles were refined into tiny pieces of 1-2 micron size and evenly distributed throughout the matrix. Local electrochemical imbalance was eliminated due to the grain refinement and elimination of continuous grain boundary. These phenomena improved the corrosion resistance of weld zone. Scanning electron microscopic images confirmed mild and uniform corrosion of weld zone and rigorous inhomogeneous corrosion of parent metal.





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