Equipments operating in sour environment containing H2S are prone to deterioration by wet H2S damage mechanism. INDMAX unit (patented FCCU) produces LPG which contains H2S, cyanide as impurities. To remove these impurities LPG is treated with caustic wash and subsequently water wash in series operation. Due to presence of wet H2S environment in the water wash vessel, nascent hydrogen is produced which diffuses in to the wall of the vessel. Due to presence of laminations in the CS shell these hydrogen atoms combined to form hydrogen molecule which exerts severe internal pressure greater than the yield strength of the CS wall inside the laminations resulting in formation of hydrogen blister. This paper describes the use of phased array UT (PAUT) technique for detection of lamination and sizing of hydrogen blisters in the LPG wash water vessel. Fitness for purpose study was carried out for safe operation of this vessel.
Banjare, Mayank; Pal, Mahendra; Nanacharaiah, Ch.; Desai, V. S.; Guria, Sushil; Vardhan, Harsh; and Mondal, B. C.
"Use of Phased Array Ultrasonic Testing For Sizing of Hydrogen Blisters In LPG Wash Water Vessel In INDMAX Unit,"
International Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering: Vol. 1
, Article 10.
Available at: https://www.interscience.in/ijmie/vol1/iss3/10