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International Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering

Abstract

In this paper, plasma transfer arc welding of hard faced circular grid plate was studied. Hard face deposition made by Plasma Transferred Arc Welding (PTAW) on grid plate at relatively high temperature, generates residual stresses due to differential shrinkage of the molten deposit, process-induced thermal gradients and difference in coefficients of thermal expansion between the deposit and base material. However, the magnitude and distribution of the residual stresses vary depending on the preheat temperature, heat input, deposition process, and the geometry of the component. Finite element analysis of residual stress is performed with commercial FEA package ANSYS 12.0 which includes moving heat source, material deposit, temperature dependent material properties, metal plasticity and elasticity. Coupled thermo-mechanical analysis is done for welding simulation and the element birth and death technique is employed for simulation of filler metal deposition.

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