This paper presents a blind watermarking algorithm for digital images based on contourlet transform. After Contourlet transform, original image is decomposed into a series of multiscale, local and directional sub images. Each blocks of Arnold transformed watermark image, is embedded into suitable blocks of low pass coefficients of the contourlet transformed original image. Watermark is embedded using module arithmetic and odd-even quantization. The retrieving watermark algorithm is a blind detecting process, and it does not need original image. The experimental results show that the proposed watermarking algorithm is able to resist attacks, such as JPEG compression, noising, cropping and other attacks, and the watermarking is invisible and robust.
BRINTA, N.R. and BIPIN, P.R.
"A CONTOURLET DOMAIN WATERMARKING ALGORITHM,"
International Journal of Image Processing and Vision Science: Vol. 1
, Article 8.
Available at: https://www.interscience.in/ijipvs/vol1/iss4/8