International Journal of Instrumentation Control and Automation


Cognitive radios are expected to perform spectrum sensing and communication in the frequency range of tens of megahertz to about 10 GHz. As such, they pose tough architecture and circuit design problems. This paper deals with issues such as broadband, low-noise amplification, multidecade carrier frequency synthesis, and spectrum sensing. The paper also describes the effect of nonlinearity and local oscillator harmonics, demonstrating that cognitive radios entail more difficult challenges than do software-defined radios. Multi-decade synthesis techniques and RF-assisted sensing methods are also presented.





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