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International Journal of Electronics Signals and Systems

Abstract

Microstrip antennas are becoming increasingly useful these days as they can be printed directly on a circuit board. They are relatively inexpensive to manufacture and design because of the simple 2-dimensional physical geometry. This is a key feature of microstrip antenna to be used in wireless communication field. Thus bandwidth and gain improvement have become major design consideration for practical application of microstrip antennas. The purpose of this paper is to design a rectangular microstrip antenna with parasitic side patches using air coupling. IE3D simulation software is used for simulation and a comparison is made between the basic patch antenna and improved patch antennas.

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