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International Journal of Electronics Signals and Systems

Abstract

Motion estimation (ME) has been widely used in many computer vision applications, such as object tracking, object detection, pattern recognition and video compression. The most popular block based similarity measures are the sum of absolute differences (SAD), the sum of squared differences (SSD) and the normalized cross correlation (NCC). Similarity measure obtained using NCC is more robust under varying illumination changes as compared to SAD and SSD. However NCC is computationally expensive and application of NCC using full or exhaustive search method further increases required computational time. Relatively efficient way of calculating the NCC is to pre-compute sum-tables to perform the normalization referred to as fast NCC (FCC). In this paper we propose real time implementation of full search FCC algorithm applied to gray scale videos using NVIDIA’s Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA). We present fine-grained optimization techniques for fully exploiting computational capacity of CUDA. Novel parallelization strategies adopted for extracting data parallelism substantially reduce computational time of exhaustive FCC. We show that by efficient utilization of global, shared and texture memories available on CUDA, we can obtain the speedup of the order of 10x as compared to the sequential implementation of FCC.

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