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International Journal of Electronics and Electical Engineering

Abstract

Phasor measurement units (PMUs) are considered as a promising tool for future monitoring, protection and control of power systems. In this paper, a novel approach is proposed in order to determine the optimal number and locations of PMUs to make the power system observable. The PMU placement problem is formulated as a binary integer linear programming, in which the binary decision variables (0, 1) determine where to install a PMU, preserving the system set observability, such as full or partial. The proposed approach integrates the impacts of both existing conventionalpower injection/flow measurements (if any) and the possible failure of single or multiple PMU / communication line into the decision strategy of the optimal PMU allocation. The network topology and hence network connectivity matrix remains unaltered for the inclusion of conventional measurements. Program is developed usingMatlabsoftware and is tested on sample seven-bus system and IEEE 14 bus system.

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