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International Journal of Computer Science and Informatics

Abstract

MRI (Magnetic resonance Imaging) brain tumor images Classification is a difficult task due to the variance and complexity of tumors. This paper presents two Neural Network techniques for the classification of the magnetic resonance human brain images. The proposed Neural Network technique consists of three stages, namely, feature extraction, dimensionality reduction, and classification. In the first stage, we have obtained the features related with MRI images using discrete wavelet transformation (DWT). In the second stage, the features of magnetic resonance images (MRI) have been reduced using principles component analysis (PCA) to the more essential features. In the classification stage, two classifiers based on supervised machine learning have been developed. The first classifier based on feed forward artificial neural network (FF-ANN) and the second classifier based on Back-Propagation Neural Network. The classifiers have been used to classify subjects as normal or abnormal MRI brain images. Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) have been developed for a wide range of applications such as function approximation, feature extraction, optimization, and classification. In particular, they have been developed for image enhancement, segmentation, registration, feature extraction, and object recognition and classification. Among these, object recognition and image classification is more important as it is a critical step for high-level processing such as brain tumor classification. Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLP), Radial Basis Function (RBF), Hopfield, Cellular, and Pulse-Coupled neural networks have been used for image segmentation. These networks can be categorized into feed-forward (associative) and feedback (auto-associative) networks..

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