International Journal of Computer and Communication Technology


Network security has always been an important issue and its application is ready to perform powerful pattern matching to protect against virus attacks, spam and Trojan horses. However, attacks such as spam, spyware, worms, viruses, and phishing target the application layer rather than the network layer. Therefore, traditional firewalls no longer provide enough protection. However, the solutions in the literature for firewalls are not scalable, and they do not address the difficulty of an antivirus. The goal is to provide a systematic virus detection hardware solution for network security for embedded systems. Instead of placing entire matching patterns on a chip, our solution is based on an antivirus processor that works as much of the filtering information as possible onto a chip. The infrequently accessing off-chip data to make the matching mechanism scalable to large pattern sets. In the first stage, the filtering engine can filter out more than 93.1% of data as safe, using a merged shift table. Only 6.9% or less of potentially unsafe data must be precisely checked in the second stage by the exact-matching engine from off-chip memory. To reduce the memory gap and to improve the performance, we also propose three algorithms are used: 1) a skipping algorithm; 2) a cache method; and 3) a prefetching mechanism.





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