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International Journal of Computer and Communication Technology

Abstract

This paper describes improvement in standard routing protocol AODV for mobile ad-hoc networks. Our mechanism setups multiple optimal paths based on bandwidth and delay. It allows to store multiple optimal paths based on Bandwidth and delay. At time of link failure, it will switch to next available path. To set up multiple paths, we have used the information that we get in the RREQ packet and also send RREP packet to more than one path. It reduces overhead of local route discovery at the time of link failure and because of this End to End Delay and Drop Ratio decreases. The main feature of our mechanism is that it is simple, efficient. We evaluate through simulations the performance of the AODV routing protocol including our scheme and we compare it with HLSMPRA (hot link split multi-path routing algorithm) Algorithm. Indeed, our scheme reduces routing load, End to End Delay, route error sent, and Packet drop ratio. The simulations have been performed using network simulator OPNET-14.0. The network simulator OPNET is discrete event simulation software for network simulations which means it simulates events such as sending, receiving, forwarding and dropping packets.

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