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International Journal of Advanced Technology in Civil Engineering

Abstract

In this paper, the detail of Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) approach which is based on reliability concept for the design of Reinforced Soil (RS) walls is presented. For conventional methods i.e Allowable Stress Design (ASD) Method, the factor of safety is applied only to resistance and loads are considered without variations. For LRFD method, factor of safeties are applied for both load and resistance. Due to availability of large statistical data and economy, this method is preferred. An attempt is made to solve one numerical example of geosynthetic RS walls due to soil selfweight plus permanent uniform surcharge using LRFD as well as other conventional methods (ASD) viz. FHWA, Modified Rankine, NCMA and B.S Code Methods and the results of the LRFD methods are compared with conventional design methods and concluding remarks are presented. The various equations are obtained based on various curves plotted by using ASD and LRFD approaches. From these equations it is clear that if FOS against tensile rupture is known for any RS wall having 7m height and same properties and environmental conditions as mentioned in current study then FOS against pullout failure and pullout capacity can be computed for these walls.

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