Over the last ten years, 3D printing technology has played a pivotal role in transforming the manufacturing industry. A recent advancement within the realm of 3D printing has introduced time as a fourth dimension, enabling the creation of 4D printing components. While a 3D-printed design remains static, a 4D-printed design has the remarkable ability to change its shape in response to environmental conditions. This paper also examines various applications of 4D printing across diverse fields such as electronics, renewable energy, aerospace, food, healthcare, and fashion. The review addresses research gaps, the current obstacles in 4D printing, and the future prospects of this technology.
S, Raja; V, Praveenkumar; and N, Rajeswari
"Challenges and Opportunities in 4D Printing -An Application Perspective,"
International Journal of Applied Research in Mechanical Engineering: Vol. 3:
2, Article 3.
Available at: https://www.interscience.in/ijarme/vol3/iss2/3