The secondary energy consumption is forurban & rural sectors. The electricity generated at power plants at 11KV is transmitted & distributed to end utilities through 11/220, 220/110/33, 110/33, 33/11 transformers. In urban areas the major district energy distribution is planned by on demand through LT, HT distribution system. On an average LT HT consumer is further classified as Residential, Commercial, Industrial, & Agricultural/ others having consumptions of 25% , 13%, 53%, & 9% respectively. In urban areas the micro level preliminary studies shows that Agricultural (1%), Street light (2%) Water works 4%, Shopping malls / Advertising /Temporary supply etc. (2%), cumulatively contributes 9% energy consumptions. Due to deficiencies in energy supply side management demand is not met & load shedding & equivalent measures are taken. A case study for local energy distribution company urban division was taken & evaluated for shortfall in Electrical energy supply. A mathematical model is developed taking into consideration the objectives like least load shedding, supply & demand side management,& was analyzed for consumption patterns in end utilities & was optimized for decision making . The model helps to forecast demand side load management system including growth rate analysis.
Kale, Geeta Laxmanrao and Shinde, N.N.
"Modelling District Energy Distribution System For Least Load Shedding,"
International Journal of Applied Research in Mechanical Engineering: Vol. 1:
1, Article 9.
Available at: https://www.interscience.in/ijarme/vol1/iss1/9