Auxetic materials are a special case of cellular materials, which exhibit a negative Poisson’s ratio. This in fact is the reason behind their peculiar behavior i.e. lateral shrinkage under longitudinal compression and vice versa. Since these materials do not obey the laws of “normal” materials and go beyond common sense, they are still an emerging class which can be put to use for various purposes like self-locking reinforcing fibers in composites, controlled release media, self-healing films, piezoelectric sensors, and also be used in biomedical engineering. Their stress-strain behavior, Poisson’s ratio and impact energy absorption are controlled by bulk material as well as the unit cell geometry. Among many forms of auxetic structures available, we have chosen a three-dimensional reentrant auxetic honeycomb unit cell. The unit cell geometrical parameters were taken from literature. In this study, we try to understand the effects of strut angle through finite element simulations while keeping the bulk material, unit cell size, strut thickness and number of repetitions constant. A total of three different angles were tested, based on which we conclude that as angle increases, the Poisson’s ratio increases and Energy absorption is maximum at 30 deg.
Vanga, Sai Adithya; Ayagara, Aravind Rajan; Gooty, Rohan; Hussain, Taha; and Srivastava, Moulshree
"Finite Element Study on the Effect of Geometrical Parameters on the Mechanical Behavior of 3D Reentrant Auxetic Honeycombs.,"
Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET): Vol. 1:
4, Article 2.
Available at: https://www.interscience.in/gret/vol1/iss4/2