Conference Proceedings - Full Volumes

Venue

BANGALORE

Date of Conference

12-2-2012

ISBN

978-93-82208-41-9

Publication Date

12-2-2012

Files

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Committee Members of the Conference

Programme Chair Prof. (Dr.) Srikanta Patnaik Chairman, I.I.M.T., Bhubaneswar Intersceince Campus, At/Po.: Kantabada, Via-Janla, Dist-Khurda Bhubaneswar, Pin:752054. Orissa, INDIA.

About the Conference

The new economic millennium is surprisingly rushing with Innovation and Technology. There is a sharper focus on deriving value from the widespread global integration in almost all spheres of social, economic, political and technological subsystems. In the quest of making this earth a better place to live we have to make a strong hold upon sustainable energy source. Sustainable energy sources include all renewable energy sources, such as hydroelectricity, solar energy, wind energy, wave power, geothermal energy, bio-energy, and tidal power. It usually also includes technologies designed to improve energy efficiency. Energy efficiency and renewable energy are said to be the twin pillars of sustainable energy. Renewable energy technologies are essential contributors to sustainable energy as they generally contribute to world energy security, reducing dependence on fossil fuel resources, and providing opportunities for mitigating greenhouse gases. Although the discipline like electrical engineering has narrated academic maturity in the last decades, but the limitations of the non renewable energy sources, turbulence and disturbances in the energy propagation cascades various insightfulness and stimulation in post classical electrical era. Evidence shows that there are phenomenal supplements in power generation and control after the introduction of Energy Management System (EMS) supported by Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA). As there is increasing focus on strengthening the capacity of the power houses with the existing resources or constraints some new dimensions like FACTS, Optimal System Generation, High Voltage DC transmission system, Power Generation Control, Soft Computing, Compensation of transmission line, Protection scheme of generator, Loss calculation, economics of generation, fault analysis in power systems are emerging. Since the world is suffering with water, food, and energy crisis, energy consumption has social relevancy. Let me highlight some of the recent developments in Electronics discipline. The new integrated devices did not find a ready market. Users were concerned because the individual transistors, resistors, and other electronic circuit components could not be tested individually to ensure their reliability. Also, early integrated circuits were expensive, and they impinged on the turf that traditionally belonged to the circuit designers at the customer's company. Again, Bob Noyce made a seminal contribution. He offered to sell the complete circuits for less than the customer could purchase individual components to build them. (It was also significantly less than it was costing us to build them!) .This step opened the market and helped develop the manufacturing volumes necessary to reduce manufacturing costs to competitive levels. To this day the cost reductions resulting from economies of scale and newer high-density technology are passed on to the user—often before they are actually realized by the circuit manufacturer. As a result, we all know that the high-performance electronic gadget of today will be replaced with one of higher performance and lower cost tomorrow. The integrated circuit completely changed the economics of electronics. Initially we looked forward to the time when an individual transistor might sell for a dollar. Today that dollar can buy tens of millions of transistors as part of a complex circuit. This cost reduction has made the technology ubiquitous—nearly any application that processes information today can be done most economically electronically. No other technology that I can identify has undergone such a dramatic decrease in cost, let alone the improved performance that comes from making things smaller and smaller. The technology has advanced so fast that I am amazed we can design and manufacture the products in common use today. It is a classic case of lifting ourselves up by our bootstraps— only with today's increasingly powerful computers can we design tomorrow's chips.

Publisher

Institute for Project Management Pvt. Ltd.

City

BHUBANESWAR

Keywords

Discrete wavelet transform, stationary wavelet transform, airlight map, luminance image.

Disciplines

Engineering

Editorial

The new economic millennium is surprisingly rushing with innovation and technology. There is a sharper focus on deriving value from the widespread global integration in almost all spheres of social, economic, political and technological subsystems. In the quest of making this earth a better place to live we have to make a strong hold upon sustainable energy source. Sustainable energy sources include all renewable energy sources, such as hydroelectricity, solar energy, wind energy, wave power, geothermal energy, bioenergy, and tidal power. It usually also includes technologies designed to improve energy efficiency. Energy efficiency and renewable energy are said to be the twin pillars of sustainable energy. Renewable energy technologies are essential contributors to sustainable energy as they generally contribute to world energy security, reducing dependence on fossil fuel resources, and providing opportunities for mitigating greenhouse gases. Although the discipline like electrical engineering has narrated academic maturity in the last decades, but the limitations of the non-renewable energy sources, turbulence and disturbances in the energy propagation cascades various insightfulness and stimulation in post classical electrical era. Evidence shows that there are phenomenal supplements in power generation and control after the introduction of Energy Management System (EMS) supported by Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA). As there is increasing focus on strengthening the capacity of the power houses with the existing resources or constraints, some new dimensions like FACTS, optimal system generation, high voltage DC transmission system, power generation control, soft computing, compensation of transmission line, protection scheme of generator, loss calculation, economics of generation, fault analysis in power systems are emerging. Since the world is suffering with energy crisis, energy consumption has social relevancy. The new integrated devices did not find a ready market. Users were concerned because the individual transistors, resistors, and other electronic circuit components could not be tested individually to ensure their reliability. Also, early integrated circuits were expensive, and they impinged on the turf that traditionally belonged to the circuit designers at the customer's company. Again, Bob Noyce made a seminal contribution. He offered to sell the complete circuits for less than the customer could purchase individual components to build them. (It was also significantly less than it was costing us to build them!) This step opened the market and helped develop the manufacturing volumes necessary to reduce manufacturing costs to competitive levels. To this day the cost reductions resulting from economies of scale and newer high-density technology are passed on to the user , often before they are actually realized by the circuit manufacturer. As a result, we all know that the highperformance electronic gadget of today will be replaced with one of higher performance and lower cost tomorrow. The integrated circuit completely changed the economics of electronics. Initially looked forward to the time when an individual transistor might sell for Rs.10/today the same amount can buy tens of transistors as part of a complex circuit. This cost reduction has made the technology ubiquitous nearly any application that processes information today can be done most economically the next day. No other technology that one can identify, has undergone such a dramatic decrease in cost with the improved performance that comes from making things smaller and smaller. In the advent of modern research there is a significant growth in Mechanical Engineering as Computer Aided Design has become instrumental in many industrialized nations like USA, European Countries, Scotland and Germany Other CAE programs commonly used by Mechanical Engineers include Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) tools and analysis tools used to perform complex simulations. Analysis tools may be used to predict product response to expected loads, including fatigue life and manufacturability. These tools include Finite Element Analysis (FEA), Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), and Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM). Using CAE programs, a mechanical design team can quickly and cheaply iterates the design process to develop a product that better meets cost, performance, and other constraints. No physical prototype need be created until the design nears completion, allowing hundreds or thousands of designs to be evaluated, instead of a relative few. In addition, CAE analysis programs can model complicated physical phenomena which cannot be solved by hand, such as viscoelasticity, complex contact between mating parts, or non-Newtonian flows. As Mechanical Engineering begins to merge with other disciplines, as seen in Mechatronics, Multidisciplinary Design Optimization (MDO) is being used with other CAE programs to automate and improve the iterative design process. MDO tools wrap around existing CAE processes, allowing product evaluation to continue even after the analyst goes home for the day. They also utilize sophisticated optimization algorithms to more intelligently explore possible designs, often finding better, innovative solutions to difficult multidisciplinary design problems. Apart from Industrial Development there is also an hourly need for creation of an influential professional body which can cater to the need of research and academic community. The current scenario says there exists a handful of bodies like American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). Hence we must strive towards formation of a harmonious professional research forum committed towards discipline of Mechanical Engineering. In the current age of Scientific development Robotics takes a center stage in solving many social problems. As agriculture is the mainstay of many developing nations, efficiency building measures should be incorporated in the field to boost efficiency and productivity. In the context Robotics in Agriculture has attracted much attention in the recent years. The idea of Robotic Agriculture (agricultural environments serviced by smart machines), is not a new one. Many engineers have developed driverless tractors in the past but they have not been successful as they did not have the ability to embrace the complexity of the real World. Most of them assumed an industrial style of farming where everything was known before hand and the machines could work entirely in predefined ways, much like a production line. The approach is now to develop smarter machines that are intelligent enough to work in an unmodified or semi natural environment. These machines do not have to be intelligent in the way we see people as intelligent but must exhibit sensible behavior in recognized contexts. In this way they should have enough intelligence embedded within them to behave sensibly for long periods of time, unattended, in a semi-natural environment, whilst carrying out a useful task. One way of understanding the complexity has been to identify what people do in certain situations and decompose the actions into machine control. The use of MATLAB is actually increasing in a large number of fields, by combining with other toolboxes, e.g., optimization toolbox, identification toolbox, and others. The Maths. Works Inc. periodically updates MATLAB and Simulink, providing more and more advanced software. MATLAB handles numerical calculations and high-quality graphics, provides a convenient interface to built-in state-of-the-art subroutine libraries, and incorporates a high-level programming language. Nowadays, the MATLAB/Simulink package is the world’s leading mathematical computing software for Engineers and Scientists in industry and education. Due to the large number of models and/or toolboxes, there is still some work or coordination to be done to ensure compatibility between the available tools. Inputs and outputs of different models are defined by each modeler, a connection between models from two different toolboxes can thus take some time. This should be normalized in the future in order to allow a fast integration of new models from other toolboxes. The widespread use of these tools is reflected by ever-increasing number of books based on the Maths. The conference is designed to stimulate the young minds including Research Scholars, Academicians, and Practitioners to contribute their ideas, thoughts and nobility in these two integrated disciplines. Even a fraction of active participation deeply influences the magnanimity of this International event. I must acknowledge your response to this Conference. I ought to convey that it is only a little step towards knowledge, network and relationship. I express best wishes to all the paper presenters. I extend my heart full thanks to the reviewers, editorial board members and programme committee members . If situations prevail in favour we will take the glory of organizing the second conference of this kind very soon. Convener Mr. Bikash Chandra Rout Technical Editor, IOAJ

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