Conference Proceedings - Full Volumes

ISBN

978-93-81693-07-0

Publication Date

11-11-2011

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Committee Members of the Conference

Dr. Anthony Tzes Professor & Department Head 2009-11 University of Patras Electrical & Computer Engineering Department 6 Eratosthenous Str. Rio, Achaia 26500 GREECE. Dr. Costas Tzafestas Assistant Professor, National Technical University of Athens (NTUA) School of Electrical and Computer Engineering Division of Signals, Control and Robotics Zographou Campus 15773, Athens, Greece. Dr. Prabhat K. Mahanti Professor,Computer science University of New Brunswick 100 Tucker Park Road, Saint John, N.B., E2L 4L5 Canada Email: pmahanti@unb.ca URL: www.unb.ca Prof. Joseph Davis School of Information Technologies The University of Sydney AUSTRALIA Kostas J. Kyriakopoulos Professor Control Systems Lab, Mechanical Eng. Dept. National Technical University of Athens 9 Heroon Polytechniou Str., Zografou Athens 15700, Greece.

About the Conference

As on today, for mechatronic systems, the main issue is no more how to implement a control system, but how to implement actuators and what is the energy source. The most advanced mechatronics systems are the well known camera autofocus system or camera anti-shake systems. With regards to energy sources of mechatronics systems, most of the applications presently use batteries. But there is a paradigm shift in this approach and now the concept is the energy harvesting, allowing transforming into electricity mechanical energy from shock, vibration, or thermal energy from thermal variation, and so on.

Secondly, robotics has became a popular tool in raising interests primerily among mechanical and computer science engineers. In practice, it is usually an electro-mechanical machine which is guided by computer or electronic programming, and is thus able to do tasks on its own. Another common characteristic is that by its appearance or movements, a robot often conveys a sense that it has intent or agency of its own. This conference also addresses various issues of robotic systems.

Manufacturing system refer to a range of human activity, from handicraft to high tech, but is most commonly applied to industrial production, in which raw materials are transformed into finished goods on a large scale. Such finished products may be used for manufacturing other, more complex products, such as aircraft, household appliances or automobiles. Modern manufacturing includes all intermediate processes required for the production and integration of a product's components.

The conference shall address to the broad areas of Mechatronics, Robotics, and Manufacturing. This will cover industrial applications, such as mechanical product manufacturing; applications in the automotive, aircraft, aerospace, machine tools, mould and die industries; consumer electronics product manufacturing; computers, semiconductor and communication industries and regulated product manufacturing; and biomedical, food, pharmaceutical and packaging industries.

The objective of ICMRM-2011 is to establish a channel of communication to disseminate knowledge between academics/researchers and industry practitioners about the advances in mechatronics, robotics, sensors and controls applications in modern manufacturing processes and systems.

Area of Coverage

Topics include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Agent-based manufacturing systems
  • Artificial intelligence methods for manufacturing
  • Advanced machining systems
  • Autonomous and adaptive control systems
  • Automated manufacturing systems
  • Computer aided and integrated manufacturing methods
  • Computer aided inspection and quality control systems
  • Computers in manufacturing
  • Computational methods and optimisation
  • Software design for intelligent manufacturing
  • Robotics in manufacturing
  • Micro and nanomechatronics systems for manufacturing
  • Hybrid manufacturing processes and systems
  • Intelligent and smart machining systems
  • Layered manufacturing
  • Micro and nanomanufacturing systems
  • Modern engineering of manufacture
  • Process modelling and monitoring
  • Sensors and actuators for manufacturing systems
  • Virtual and rapid prototyping

Publisher

Institute for Project Management Pvt. Ltd.,

City

Bhubaneswar, India

Keywords

MECHATRONICS, ROBOTICS AND MANUFACTURING

Disciplines

Aerospace Engineering | Automotive Engineering | Electrical and Computer Engineering | Mechanical Engineering

Editorial

Editorial

Every engineering discipline is becoming multidisciplinary in nature. Even the advanced industrial products or consumer products also holistic in their development and utility. In the world of automation the entire focus is to properly manifest a computational model with sharp edge of intelligence that can drive the mechanically designed capital goods meant for manufacturing or some process of intermediate products. The conference is addressing these three disciplines like Mechatronics, Robotics and Manufacturing which are integrated disciplines in many instances. Mechatronics is the combination of mechanical engineering, electronic engineering, computer engineering, software engineering, control engineering, and systems design engineering in order to design, and manufacture useful products[1][2]. Mechatronics is a multidisciplinary field of engineering, that is to say it rejects splitting engineering into separate disciplines. Originally, mechatronics just included the combination between mechanics and electronics; hence the word is only a portmanteau of mechanics and electronics. However, as technical systems have become more and more complex the word has been "updated" during recent years to include more technical areas. French standard NF E 01-010 gives the following definition: “approach aiming at the synergistic integration of mechanics, electronics, control theory, and computer science within product design and manufacturing, in order to improve and/or optimize its functionality. The application areas include Machine vision , Automation and robotics, Servo-mechanics Sensing and control systems, Automotive engineering, automotive equipment in the design of subsystems such as anti-lock braking systems, Computer-machine controls, such as computer driven machines like IE CNC milling machines, Expert systems Industrial goods.

Robotics is the branch of technology that deals with the design, construction, operation, structural disposition, manufacture and application of robots. Robotics is related to the sciences of electronics, engineering, mechanics mechatronics, and software.The concept and creation of machines that could operate autonomously dates back to classical times, but research into the functionality and potential uses of robots did not grow substantially until the 20th century. Today, robotics is a rapidly growing field, as we continue to research, design, and build new robots that serve various practical purposes, whether domestically, commercially, or militarily. A first particular new innovation in robot design is the open sourcing of robot-projects. To describe the level of advancement of a robot, the term "Generation Robots" can be used. This term is coined by Professor Hans Moravec, Principal Research Scientist at the Carnegie Mellon University Robotics Institute in describing the near future evolution of robot technology. First generation robots, Moravec predicted in 1997, should have an intellectual capacity comparable to perhaps a lizard and should become available by 2010. Because the first generation robot would be incapable of learning, however, Moravec predicts that the second generation robot would be an improvement over the first and become available by 2020, with the intelligence maybe comparable to that of a mouse. The third generation robot should have the intelligence comparable to that of a monkey. Though fourth generation robots, robots with human intelligence, professor Moravec predicts, would become possible, he does not predict this happening before around 2040 or 2050.

Manufacturing Engineering is a very broad area which includes the design and development of products. The manufacturing engineering discipline has very strong overlaps with mechanical engineering, industrial engineering, electrical engineering,electronic engineering, computer science, materials management, and operations management. Manufacturing engineers' success or failure directly impacts the advancement of technology and the spread of innovation. This field of engineering emerged in the mid to late 20th century, when industrialized countries introduced factories with:

  • Advanced statistical methods of quality control: These factories were pioneered by the American mathematician William Edwards Deming, who was initially ignored by his home country. The same methods of quality control later turned Japanese factories into world leaders in cost-effectiveness and production quality.
  • Industrial robots on the factory floor, introduced in the late 1970s: These computer-controlled welding arms and grippers could perform simple tasks such as attaching a car door quickly and flawlessly 24 hours a day. This cut costs and improved production speed

Many manufacturing companies, especially those in industrialized nations, have begun to incorporate computer-aided engineering (CAE) programs into their existing design and analysis processes, including 2D and 3D solid modeling computer-aided design (CAD). This method has many benefits, including easier and more exhaustive visualization of products, the ability to create virtual assemblies of parts, and ease of use in designing mating interfaces and tolerances.

Other CAE programs commonly used by product manufacturers include product life cycle management (PLM) tools and analysis tools used to perform complex simulations. Analysis tools may be used to predict product response to expected loads, including fatigue life and manufacturability. These tools include finite element analysis (FEA), computational fluid dynamics(CFD), and computer-aided manufacturing (CAM).

The conference is designed to stimulate the young minds including Research Scholars, Academicians, and Practitioners to contribute their ideas, thoughts and nobility in these three integrated disciplines. Even a fraction of active participation deeply influences the magnanimity of this international event. I must acknowledge your response to this conference. I ought to convey that this conference is only a little step towards knowledge, network and relationship.

I congratulate the participants for getting selected at this conference. I extend heart full thanks to members of faculty from different institutions, research scholars, delegates, IRNet Family members, members of the technical and organizing committee. Above all I note the salutation towards the almighty.

Editor-in-Chief

Prof. (Dr.) Srikanta Patnaik President, IRNet India and Chairman IIMT Intersceince Campus, Bhubaneswar Email: patnaik_srikanta@yahoo.co.in

Prof. (Dr) Subhasis Bhaumik

Associate Professor, Aerospace Engg. & Applied Mechanics

Bengal Engineering and Science University

International Conference  on MECHATRONICS, ROBOTICS AND MANUFACTURING

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